Report from the Oak ICRA checklist
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Full Name: - Quercus rubra

Quercus rubra L. (1753)
Infrageneric Classification
Subgenus Quercus, Section Lobatae
Common Names in this Database
Infraspecific Taxa Accepted in this Database
Quercus rubra Aurea Group C. de Vos (1881)
See: R. J. Jensen, Volume 3 of Flora of North America (1997) Page 465
Natural Distribution
CANADA: (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec), USA: (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia (US), Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Washington DC)
USDA Zone 3b to 7(8)
Conservation Status
Rated as Least Concern (LC) in the The Red List of Oaks
Nomenclatural Type
Lectotype: "Quercus esculi divisura, foliis ampleoribus aculeatis, an Quercus alba Virginiana Park." in Plukenet, Phytographia, t. 54, f. 4, (1691) See: Nixon & Barrie in Jarvis (ed.), Order out of Chaos: 784 (2007)
Illustration of Leaves
Image from a plant at the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens (UK) ©Jan De Langhe, Ghent University Botanical Garden, 2010
Synonyms in this Database
Quercus borealis F. Michx. (1817)
Quercus rubra var. maxima Marshall (1785)
Quercus ambigua Michx. (1811)
Hybrids in this Database
Quercus ×benderi Baen. (1903)
Quercus ×fernaldii Trel. (1924)
Quercus ×runcinata (DC.) Engelm. (1877)
Quercus ×richteri Baen. (1903)
Quercus ×heterophylla F. Michx. (1811)
Quercus ×riparia Laughlin (1963)
Quercus ×hawkinsiae Sudw. (1927)
Main Horticultural References
The European Garden Flora vol. 3 (1989) page 79
The Hillier Manual of Trees & Shrubs, 7th ed. (2002) page 254
Hortus Third (1976) page 935
(Krüssmann) Manual of Cultivated Broad-leaved Trees & Shrubs (in English) vol. 3 (1986) page 106
(Bailey) Manual of Cultivated Plants 2nd. ed. (1949) page 331 as Q. borealis
(Jacobson) North American Landscape Trees, (1996) page 560
(Dirr) Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, 5th ed. (1998) page 835
The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening vol. 3 (1992) page 787
The Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening, 2nd ed. vol. 4 (1956) page 1731 treats as an ambiguous name
(Bean) Trees & Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles, 8th ed. vol. 3 (1976) page 512
(Bean) Trees & Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles, 8th ed. Supplement (1988) page 417
World Economic Plants: a Standard Reference (1999) page 418
Recent Monograph References
(Miller & Lamb) Oaks of North America (1985) page 55
(Hardÿ & Lamant) Guide illustré des Chênes (2006) Volume 2, page 134
(Heathcoat Amory) The Oaks of Chevithorne Barton (2009) page 158 illustrated page 158 (tree in spring, page 159 leaves)