Report from the Oak ICRA checklist
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Full Name: - Quercus ilex

Quercus ilex L. (1753)
Infrageneric Classification
Subgenus Quercus, section Quercus (the white oaks)
Common Names in this Database
Infraspecific Taxa Accepted in this Database
Quercus ilex subsp. gracilis (Lange) Rivas Mart. & Sáenz de Rivas (2002)
Natural Distribution
NORTH AFRICA: N ALGERIA, MOROCCO, TUNISIA, EUROPE: ALBANIA, BALAEARIC ISLES, CORSICA, W FRANCE, GREECE (+ Aegean Isles including Samos, W & C Crete, Karpathos), ITALY, MACEDONIA, MALTA, PORTUGAL, SARDEGNA, SERBIA, SICILIA, N SPAIN, WEST ASIA: JORDAN, TURKEY: (W & N Anatolia, Aegean Isles including Inmroz)
Conservation Status
Rated as Least Concern (LC) in the The Red List of Oaks
Nomenclatural Type
Not designated
Illustration of Leaves
Image from stockplant at Pavia Nurseries (Belgium) ©Jan De Langhe, Ghent University Botanical Garden, 2009
Synonyms in this Database
Quercus ilex var. microphylla Batt. & Trab. (1890)
Hybrids in this Database
Quercus ×auzendei Gren. & Godr., (1855)
Quercus ×audleyensis A. Henry (1910)
Quercus ×albescens Rouy ex A. Camus (1935)
Quercus ×subalbescens A. Camus (1935)
Quercus ×turneri Willd. (1809)
Quercus ×autumnalis F. M. Vázquez et al. (2002)
Quercus ×morisii Borzì (1881)
Main Horticultural References
The European Garden Flora vol. 3 (1989) page 72
The Hillier Manual of Trees & Shrubs, 7th ed. (2002) page 251
Hortus Third (1976) page 934
(Krüssmann) Manual of Cultivated Broad-leaved Trees & Shrubs (in English) vol. 3 (1986) page 90
(Bailey) Manual of Cultivated Plants 2nd. ed. (1949) page 331
(Jacobson) North American Landscape Trees, (1996) page 553
The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening vol. 3 (1992) page 784
The Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening, 2nd ed. vol. 4 (1956) page 1728
(Bean) Trees & Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles, 8th ed. vol. 3 (1976) page 482
(Bean) Trees & Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles, 8th ed. Supplement (1988) page 410
World Economic Plants: a Standard Reference (1999) page 417
Recent Monograph References
(Menitsky) Oaks of Asia (2005) page 152
(Hardÿ & Lamant) Guide illustré des Chênes (2006) Volume 1, page 206
(Heathcoat Amory) The Oaks of Chevithorne Barton (2009) page 98 illustrated page 99 (tree)
Oak Collections Growing this Taxon